Jordan is a
relatively small country with a total land area of 96000
sq km. Although mostly desert, within its compact area,
there are 3 distinct climatic zones; the Jordan valley,
Mountain Heights Plateau and the Desert or Badia region,
which constitutes 75% of the total land area of Jordan.
Jordan's weather truly consists of 4 seasons: Autumn,
winter, spring, and summer. Most of Jordan's tourist
attractions lie in the mountain heights Plateau, a strip
which runs along the western edge of the country, and
the Jordan Valley, which lies next to the Dead Sea; the
lowest point on the surface of earth. Jordan is a very
sunny country, with over 310 days of sunshine a year.
The weather is almost exclusively dry and sunny from May
to October, where there is barely any rainfall. Summers
are hot but relatively pleasant due to the low humidity
in the mountain heights with daytime temperatures
frequently exceeding 36°C and averaging about 32°C,
while nights are almost exclusively cool and pleasant.
In the Jordan valley, summers can be very hot with
temperatures reaching into the low forties on occasions,
while Aqaba's weather in the south is similar to the
Jordan valley’s but with less rainfall.
Most of Jordan's desert receives less than 120 mm of
rain a year, while the average rainfall in the mountain
heights ranges between 300 and 600 mm a year. The rainy
season begins at the end of November and continues till
the end of March. Nonetheless, rainfall is sporadic even
then. Chance of rain drops substantially from April
onwards. The coldest months of the year are December and
January, where temperatures average about 13 degrees
Celsius but can drop to around 5 degrees. In areas with
an altitude of 1000 meters and above, there is a
chance of snowfall in winter, and some lucky few have
even had the chance to see Petra (1200 meters above sea
level) in the snow.
Hot and dry summers with cool evenings. The Jordan
Valley below sea level is warm during winter and very
hot in summer, Aqaba has a drier climate than the Dead
Sea (with temperatures on average 10 degrees Celsius
above those of Amman). Rain falls between November and
April (mostly in the central and northern mountain
ranges), while colder weather conditions occur in
December / January.
Local daytime temperatures range as follows for the year
January (4-13°C) - February (4-13°C) - March (6-17°C) -
April (10-23°C) - May (15-28°C) - June (17-31°C) - July
(20-32°C) - August (19-32°C) - September (18-30°C) -
October (14-26°C) - November (9-20°C) - December (